# BS28.docx

The information is condensed data taken from the balance sheet at the end of the year:

Net income: \$300,000

Stockholder’s Equity

Preferred 7% stock, \$100 par \$100,000

Common stock, \$20 par \$200,000

Paid-in capital in excess of par—common stock \$50,000

Retained earnings \$300,000

Cash Dividend paid on common stock \$ 40,000

Common stock was selling for \$56 at the end of the current year.

Calculate Dividend yield on common stock, earnings per share on common stock and, price-earnings ratio on common stock.

# BS72.doc

A node in a binary tree is called a(n) ____ if it has no left and right children.
edge
branch
leaf
path
Every node in a doubly linked list has two pointers: ____ and ____.
previous; next
back; next
current; next
previous; current
In a graph G, if the edges connecting two vertices have weights assigned to them, the graph is called a ____ graph.
source
weighted
spanning
minimal
The edges connecting two vertices can be assigned a non-negative real number, called the ____ of the edge.
key
weight
width
height
The ____ executes when the object goes out of scope.
default constructor
destructor
copy constructor
iterator
Popping an element from an empty stack is called ____.
overflow
underflow
exception
The addition and deletion of elements of the stack occurs only at the ____ of the stack.
bottom
top
middle
In a graph directed G, for each vertex, v, the vertices adjacent to are called ____ successors.
immediate
path
parallel
The key of the right child below the root node of a search binary tree is 40. The value in the root node could be ____.
30
40
50
60
What is the purpose of the following code?current = head;while (current != NULL){    //Process current    current = current->link;}
Insertion of a node
Selection of a node
Creation of a new list
In a linked list, the order of the nodes is determined by the address, called the ____, stored in each node.
tail
first
A linked list is a collection of components, called ____.
elements
nodes
members
pointers
Which of the following is a basic operation performed on a queue?
push
pop
isEmptyQueue
top
The function ____ of the class linkedListType returns the last element of the list.
tail
lastNode
back
last
The ____ operation returns a pointer to the position before the first element in container ct.
ct.front()
ct.rbegin()
ct.rend()
ct.end()
In a binary search tree, the data in each node is ____ the data in the left child.
larger than
smaller than
equal to
larger or equal to
An iterator to a vector container is declared using the ____ iterator.
new
vector
typedef
typeiter
The ____ nodeType defines the node of a binary tree.
struct
class
template
array
Which of the following correctly initializes a doubly linked list in the default constructor?
head = 0;back = 0;count = 0;
first = 0;last = 0;
first = NULL;last = NULL;count = 0;
Which of the following is a valid function of the class stackType?
int isEmptyStack() const;
void push();
void pop();
type pop();
Using the binary search algorithm, in an unsuccessful search, how many key comparisons are performed during the last iteration of the loop?
0
1
2
n, where n is the number of items in the list
The link field of the last node of a linked list is ____.
0
1
n-1
n
In a(n) ____ graph, the edges are drawn using arrows.
pointed
vector
directed
undirected
If data needs to be processed in a LIFO manner, use a(n) ____.
stack
queue
deque
Predicates are special types of function objects that return ____ values.
character
string
Boolean
Integer
Two well-known algorithms, Prim’s algorithm and ____’s algorithm, can be used to find a minimal spanning tree of a graph.
Euler
Dekart
Kruskal
Dijkstra
To describe a queuing system, we use the term ____ for the object receiving the service.
client
server
customer
provider
The initializeList operation on a doubly linked list can be done by using the operation ____.
empty
clear
destroy
delete
The ____ sort algorithm sorts the list by moving each element to its proper place in the sorted portion of the list.
bubble
quick
merge
insertion
The level of the children of the root node is ____.
0
1
2
3
When traversing a binary tree with the pointer current, the pointer current is initialized to ____.
NULL
root
Each link (pointer) in a binary tree node points to a(n) ____ of that node.
parent
child
value
sibling
Given the unordered list [10, 7, 19, 5, 16], which of the following sequences represents the result of the first iteration of the bubble sort algorithm?
[7, 10, 19, 5, 16]
[10, 7, 5, 16, 19]
[19, 10, 7, 5, 16]
[7, 10, 5, 16, 19]
What is the output of the following code?stackType<int> stack;int x, y;x = 4;y = 2;stack.push(6);stack.push(x);stack.push(x + 1);y = stack.top();stack.pop();stack.push(x + y);x = stack.top();stack.pop();cout << “x = ” << x << endl;
x = 4
x = 5
x = 6
x = 9
What is the access modifier of the variable count in the linkedListType class?
public
private
protected
friend
The sequence of operations in a postorder search is ____.
traverse left; traverse right
traverse left; traverse right; visit
visit; traverse left; traverse right
traverse left; visit; traverse right
Suppose that the pointer head points to the first node in the list, and the link of the last node is NULL. The first node of the linked list contains the address of the ____ node.
first
second
tail
The postfix expression 5 6 + 4 * 10 5 / – = evaluates to ____.
10
30
42
44
A queue is a data structure in which the elements are ____.
added to the rear and deleted from the front
added to and deleted from the rear
added to and deleted from the front
added and deleted in the middle
Which of the following operations removes the first element from the deque object deq?
deq.front()
deq.push_front()
deq.pop_front()
deq.push()

# BS101.doc

Exam 40554200 — Contexts for Development

1. Eva plays near other children with similar materials but doesn’t try to influence their behavior. She’s involved in
A. nonsocial activity. C. parallel play.
B. associative play. D. cooperative play.

2. Professor Kinship views the family as a complex of interacting relationships influenced by the larger social context. Professor Kinship endorses the _______ perspective of family.
A. social systems C. ethological
B. dynamic systems D. behaviorist

3. Children first acquire skills for interacting with peers
A. from cartoon characters.
B. from child-care workers.
C. when they begin formal schooling.
D. within the family.

4. _______ has the highest divorce rate in the world.
B. New Zealand D. The United States

5. Which student is most likely to express interest in computers and rate his or her
computer skills as “excellent”?
A. A high-SES girl C. A low-SES girl
B. A high-SES boy D. A low-SES boy

6. The most common form of the blended family is a _______ arrangement.
A. mother-stepfather C. grandparent-grandchild
B. father-stepmother D. mother–foster mother

7. Parents start to socialize their children in earnest during
A. the first year, when babies can interact socially.
B. the second year, when toddlers are first able to comply with parental directions.
C. the preschool years, when children start formal schooling.
D. early adolescence, when per pressure is strongest.

8. Friendships start to become more complex and psychologically based during the stage of Friendship as
A. Mutual Trust and Assistance.
B. Commitment.
C. Intimacy, Mutual Understanding, and Loyalty.
D. a Handy Playmate.
9. Which form of child maltreatment is most commonly reported?
A. Physical abuse C. Sexual abuse
B. Neglect D. Emotional abuse

10. Mr. and Mrs. Lopez are highly accepting and involved with their children. They’re warm,
attentive, and sensitive to their needs. The Lopez’s are using a/an _______ childrearing
style.
A. authoritarian C. permissive
B. uninvolved D. authoritative

11. A decrease in competition and increased harmony are two positive outcomes of
B. homogeneous grouping arrangements.
D. mainstreaming.

12. _______ are especially likely to profit from extracurricular pursuits that require them
to take on meaningful roles and responsibilities.

13. Research indicates that the link between family size and children’s IQ can be explained by the
A. Flynn effect.
B. strong trend for mothers lower in intelligence to give birth to more children.
C. strong trend for mothers higher in intelligence to give birth to more children.
D. growing use of birth-control techniques.

14. Compared with popular-aggressive children, rejected-aggressive children are
A. more socially skilled.
B. less antagonistic and more prosocial.
C. more often extremely antagonistic.
D. popular with younger peers.

15. Most of the 1,500 children who die from maltreatment each year
A. are under age five.
C. leave siblings behind who remain with the abusive parents.
D. had been referred to the social-services system, but their case hadn’t yet been
investigated.

16. Anxious, withdrawn children who _______ seem better equipped to withstand peer
attacks.
A. take self-defense classes
B. learn to project a sense of false bravado
C. learn meditation techniques
D. who have a prosocial best friend

17. Sixteen-year-old Bonita strives to develop a sense of herself as a separate, selfgoverning individual. Bonita is developing
A. maturation. C. coregulation.

18. Which child probably watches TV most often?
A. Bonnie, from a low-SES family
B. Brynn, whose parents only watch the news
C. Brandi, who comes from a small family
D. Brenda, from a high-SES family

19. In dual-earner families, the father’s _______ is crucial to the emotional health of the
mother.
A. earning potential
B. attitude toward career-oriented women
C. work schedule
D. willingness to share child-care responsibilities

20. In Mr. Yi’s classroom, students participate in a wide range of challenging activities with teachers and peers, with whom they jointly construct understandings. Mr. Yi most likely teaches in a _______ classroom.
A. philosophical C. social-constructivist

# BS124.docx

1. Write a boolean expression that will evaluate to true if the checkbox named regentsCompletedCheckBox is checked.
2. Write an if statements that displays the text “You are eligible to vote!” in the voteStatusLabel if the value in the variable age is 18 or higher.
Display “You are not old enough to vote!” if the value in the variable age is less than 18.
3. This is an expansion of the previous problem. Write an if statement that displays the text “You are eligible to vote!” in the voteStatusLabel if
the value in the variable age is 18 or higher and the variable isRegistered is true. Display “You are not eligible to vote!” if the value in the
variable age is less than 18 or the variable isRegistered is false.
4. Write an If statement that will set the resultLabel to the text “Look out for rainbows” if both of the checkboxes sunShiningCheckBox and rainingCheckBox are checked.
5. Write an if statement that will set the resultLabel to “I will pass the exam!” if the checkboxes studyCheckBox, workExamplesCheckBox, and

# BS147.docx

Question 1
The tendency to perceive individuals differently based on their position or job is called the __________ effect.
similar-to-me
social status
salience
ombudsman
proactive
Question 2
A manager prefers to work with subordinates who think like that manager under the belief that “Birds of a feather flock together.” This is an example of __________.
the social status effect
the salience effect
the similar-to-me effect
the glass ceiling
quid pro quo harassment
Question 3
Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the textbook as a firm that adopts the proactive approach to social responsibility?
McDonald’s
Ben and Jerry’s
Target
Wal-Mart
Green Mountain Coffee
Question 4
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of all of the following EXCEPT:
sex.
religion.
gender.
national origin.
disability.
Question 5
The __________ rule states that an ethical decision is one that produces the greatest good for the greatest number of people.
Justice
Moral Rights
Utilitarian
Practical
Question 6
Ford Motor Co. assigns female engineers to an automobile design team to make sure that the needs of potential female customers are met in the design of the car. This is an example of __________.
bias
stereotyping
managing diversity
the ombudsman effect
quid pro quo
Question 7
Under the __________ rule, an ethical decision is the one that best maintains people’s fundamental privileges.
Justice
Moral Rights
Utilitarian
Practical
Question 8
Companies that go out of their way to learn about the needs of different stakeholders and use organizational resources to promote their interests are using the __________ approach.
accommodative
proactive
defensive
obstructionist
offensive
Question 9
People or groups who supply a company with its productive resources are called __________.
suppliers
top management
shareholders
stockholders
stakeholders
Question 10
A female subordinate is offended by posters in her supervisor’s office that she feels are degrading to women. This supervisor has exhibited __________.
the similar-to-me effect
the glass ceiling
the salience effect
quid pro quo sexual harassment
a hostile work environment
Next Set

Question 1
When selecting a business-level strategy plan the “Stuck in the Middle” approach:
is no longer preferred.
combines the two approaches of “low cost & differentiation.”
usually forces a choice between “low cost & differentiation.”
is biased toward prior information.
Question 2
Firestone Tire and Rubber Company set up a chain of Firestone retail stores to sell its tires to American consumers. This is an example of:
forward vertical integration.
a global strategy.
a focused-differentiation strategy.
a multidomestic strategy.
backward vertical integration.
Question 3
Managers in biotechnology know that new drugs have a 10% chance of passing advanced clinical trials. This is an example of __________.
risk
uncertainty
bounded rationality
incomplete information
satisficing
Question 4
When an organization enters a new type of industry that is not similar in any way to the current businesses of the organization, this is known as a(n) ____________ strategy.
unrelated diversification
international expansion
related diversification
vertical integration
Question 5
An organization creates a list of possible future forecasts of business situations and creates a plan to respond to each of these forecasts. This is known as __________ planning.
synergy
divisional-level
scenario
functional
Question 6
After hearing one member describe a problem to be addressed, all members of a group first write down ideas and solutions. After this, everyone shares those suggestions without criticism. The group, one by one, clarifies, critiques, and discusses the alternatives. Finally, each member ranks all the alternatives, and the highest-ranking alternative is chosen. This process is called __________.
Delphi technique
dialectical inquiry
brainstorming
nominal group technique
programmed decision making
Question 7
When managers cannot assign probabilities of future occurrence to possible alternatives to a decision, this is known as __________.
certainty
risk
bounded rationality
uncertainty
dialectical inquiry
Question 8
According to the administrative model of decision making, if managers cannot possibly specify all of the possible alternatives to a decision, this is the result of:
incomplete information.
bounded rationality.
an optimum decision.
brainstorming.
Question 9
In the classical model of decision-making, the most appropriate decision given the likely future consequences to the organization is known as the ______________ decision.
intuitive
creative
heuristic
obvious
optimum
Next Set

Question 10
When an organization updates its five-year plan annually in order to take into account changing conditions within the organization and in the organization’s external environment, this is known as which type of plan?
Inflexible
Functional
Rolling
Scenario
SWOT
Question 1
In which type of organizational design are employees correctly referred to as “two-boss employees?”
Product structure
Matrix structure
Geographic structure
Functional structure
Divisional structure
Question 2
In general, the more stable the organization’s environment, the __________ complex its strategy; the less skilled its workforce, the __________ likely that the organization will use a formal organizational structure.
more; more
more; less
less; more
less; less
Question 3
__________ technologies are characterized by __________ task variety and __________ task analyzability.
Routine; low; high
Routine; high; low
Nonroutine; high; high
Nonroutine; low; low
Question 4
Which is NOT an integrating mechanism that organizations can use to increase coordination?
Direct contact
Liaisons
Ombudsmen
Cross-functional teams
Question 5
A counselor who works with the families of teenagers who are drug-dependent has ________________ than a worker who washes the left side of automobiles as they come through a car wash service.
less autonomy
less skill variety
Question 6
In the TQM process, once a measure has been set for comparison, the next step is to:
begin production.
focus on the customer.
design a marketing strategy.
set a challenging quality goal and create incentives for reaching that goal.
Question 7
In a ___________ layout, workstations are not organized in a fixed sequence, rather, each workstation is relatively self-contained and a product goes to whichever workstation is needed.
process
permanent-position
facilities
product
flexible manufacturing
Question 8
One way organizations can keep their hierarchy flat is to:
decrease the span of control.
increase the number of levels of management.
decentralize authority.
enlarge jobs.
decrease autonomy.
Question 9
The way in which machines, robots, and people are grouped together affects how ___________ they can be.
futuristic
productive
complex
high-tech
Next Set

Question 10
The number of new problems that a manager experiences in performing his or her job is known as:
continuous-process technology.
job design.
small-batch technology.
Question 1
A division manager is told to “maximize the sales of the division” and is then evaluated on the basis of the net sales generated by the division. This is an example of a(n) __________ budget approach.
profit
revenue
expense
cash flow
capital
Question 2
An HR specialist gives a personality test to applicants for a factory-worker position. This is an example of _______________.
trait appraisal
ability testing
situational testing
interviewing
role-playing
Question 3
The final step in the control process is to:
initiate corrective action.
measure actual performance.
establish the standards of performance.
compare actual performance to the standards.
Question 4
A job applicant calls a professor who taught him in college and asks him to write a letter to her prospective employer commenting on her classroom performance. This is an example of __________.
background-checking
recruiting
training
development
a request for a reference
Question 5
At the __________ stage of the process of transforming raw materials into finished goods, managers typically use __________ control procedures to obtain immediate feedback about how efficiently the raw materials are being transformed into finished goods.
conversion; concurrent
input; feedback
output; feedforward
input; concurrent
output; concurrent
Question 6
When managers attempt to fill open positions with workers who are already working for the organization in some other capacity, they are engaging in _______________.
development
external recruiting
walk-in recruiting
outsourcing
internal recruiting
Question 7
Prior to designing a training and development program for managers, a human resource specialist attempts to determine which managers need training and what types of skills and knowledge these managers need to develop. This process is known as __________.
job validation
RJP validation
recruitment
needs assessment
Question 8
Recruiting outside of an organization to find workers who have not worked for the organization previously is known as __________.
internal recruiting
walk-in recruiting
external recruiting
selection
development
Question 9
The component of an HRM system that focuses on helping managers to develop the skills and abilities that will enable them to perform their jobs successfully is ___________________.
training and development
recruitment
selection
performance appraisal
feedback
Question 10
An organization sets up a management information system (MIS) that gives managers information about changes in the task environment that may impact the organization later on. This is an example of _____________ control.
feedforward
concurrent
feedback
bureaucratic
MBO
Next Set

Question 1
The ability of a leader to get others to act in certain ways is known as that leader’s __________.
power
initiating structure
consideration
Question 2
The power of a leader that comes from the respect and loyalty of subordinates is known as __________ power.
reward
legitimate
coercive
referent
position
Question 3
Leadership that makes subordinates aware of their jobs’ importance to the organization is called __________.
consideration
empowerment
transformational
transactional
Question 4
Leadership theories that propose that the effectiveness of a leader depends on the situation in which the leader finds herself are known as __________ models.
trait
contingency
empowerment
path-goal
Question 5
Andrew Grove, CEO of Intel, holds a Ph.D. in chemical engineering and is very knowledgeable about the microprocessors that Intel produces. He advises an R&D scientist about a possible new product idea. Which type of power do we say Grove has?
Expert power
Empowerment power
Consideration power
Relationship-oriented power
Question 6
A supermarket manager schedules the workers in the supermarket to ensure that enough cash register clerks are available at different times during the day depending on the expected demand from customers. This manager has engaged in which type of behavior?
Relationship-oriented
Consideration
Initiating structure
Empowerment
Referent power
Question 7
People experiencing overpayment inequity are most likely to:
raise their perceptions of their own inputs.
work slower.
be absent more.
raise their perceptions of others’ outcomes.
Question 8
According to a recent study, about what percentage of medium- or large-size organizations use profit-sharing plans with their employees?
3 percent
7 percent
10 percent
16 percent
25 percent
Question 9
According to path-goal theory, when leading creative workers, a manager should be __________.
supportive and critical
supportive and uncritical
hands-off and critical
hands-off and uncritical
directive
Question 10
A subordinate changes his behavior from a dysfunctional to a functional behavior, and his manager then removes an undesired outcome. This is known as __________.
positive reinforcement
extinction
negative reinforcement
inequity
instrumentality
Next Set

Question 1
In the example in the textbook, when Adrian Hofbeck and Joseph Steinberg resolved their conflict, they resorted to __________.
competition
integrative bargaining
distributive negotiation
flipping a coin
Question 2
A manager tries to understand how the sender of a message feels and tries to interpret the message from the sender’s perspective. We say that this manager is attempting to __________.
be empathetic
reduce information richness
create a rumor
use jargon
use information distortion
Question 3
Linguistic style includes all of the following EXCEPT:
voice.
speed.
jokes.
eye contact.
use of pauses.
Question 4
Which of the following is NOT a factor in deciding what communication medium a manager should use?
Information richness of a medium
The manager’s personality
Time needed for communication
Need for a paper trail
Question 5
The paths along which information flows within the organization are called __________.
noise
communication networks
filtering paths
information richness
jargon
Question 6
Teams that rarely, if ever, interact with each other on a face-to-face basis are referred to as which type of teams?
Informal teams
Virtual teams
Interest groups
Question 7
Managers who ____________ are likely to see their ___________.
decrease uncertainty; power decrease
decrease uncertainty; power increase
increase uncertainty; power increase
decrease their power; uncertainty increase
increase their power; uncertainty increase.
Question 8
An assembly line of workers in a Ford Motor Co. factory that produces Ford Explorers is said to have:
a virtual team format.
synergy.
Question 9
A member of a task force does not do much work related to the goals of the task force. This member is confident that the other members of the task force “will take up the slack.” This group member is exhibiting __________.
an interest group role
synergy
a virtual team role
a role-making role
social loafing
Question 10
Teams that are empowered to take responsibility for acting autonomously on identifiable pieces of work are referred to as __________.
informal groups
interest groups
virtual groups